Factors Influencing Emotional Intelligence

How To Nurture Emotional Intelligence in Children?

What is emotional intelligence? Well, in simple terms, it’s the ability to recognise, understand, manage, and respond to one’s own and other’s emotions. It’s a crucial skill for building strong relationships, resolving conflicts, and making compassionate decisions. So, how does this relate to young children?

Elements of Emotional Intelligence for Kids

What are the elements of emotional intelligence? Before diving into the techniques for nurturing emotional intelligence in children, let’s understand its elements. 


The first step towards fostering emotional intelligence in young children is helping them become aware of their emotions. Talk with your children about different feelings and emotions, encouraging them to express their emotions.


Empathy, one of the critical elements of emotional intelligence, is the ability to understand and share someone else’s feelings. Teach children to put themselves in someone else’s shoes. For instance, you can say, “How do you think Tom felt when you took his toy?”

Managing Emotions

Teaching children to manage their emotions is essential. Children should learn that it’s okay to feel emotions like anger or sadness, but it’s also important not to let these emotions control their actions.

Social Skills

Fostering social skills is essential for emotional intelligence. Encourage your child to play with others, share, and use kind words.


Motivation, particularly intrinsic motivation, is a powerful element in emotional intelligence. Encourage your child to pursue their interests and celebrate their achievements.

How to Teach Empathy to Children

Instilling empathy is at the core of being emotionally intelligent. Teaching children to put themselves in someone else’s shoes encourages them to be kinder and more understanding. Here’s how you can teach empathy:

  • Talk about emotions: Regularly discuss how they might make someone feel.
  • Be a role model: Demonstrate empathy in your actions and words.
  • Use Books and Stories: Utilise books and stories with relatable characters.
  • Practise Active Listening: Teach children to listen actively to others without interrupting. 
  • Engage in Role-Play: Create scenarios where children can role-play different situations.

The Profound Effects of Emotional Intelligence

The impact of emotional intelligence is far-reaching. Children with high emotional intelligence are more likely to:

  • Have better relationships with peers.
  • Perform well academically.
  • Have fewer behavioural issues.
  • Develop strong leadership skills.
  • Have a better understanding of their own emotions.

Benefits of Emotional Intelligence

Emotional intelligence offers numerous advantages that positively impact various areas of life. Instilling emotional intelligence in kids equips them with crucial skills beyond academic achievements. Developing emotional intelligence leads to the following benefits:

Building Resilience

When we instil emotional intelligence in young children, we are also helping them build resilience. Bouncing back from setbacks and coping with challenges is crucial in life. Emotionally intelligent children are better equipped to deal with the curve balls that life may throw at them because they have the tools to manage their emotions effectively.

Conflict Resolution

Children inevitably face conflicts with siblings, friends, or classmates as they grow. Emotional intelligence equips them with the ability to solve disputes amicably. They can understand others’ perspectives and emotions, which is essential in resolving disputes.

Fostering Leadership

Leadership is not just about taking charge but also about working well with others. Emotional intelligence forms the bedrock of effective leadership. Emotionally intelligent children can naturally evolve into leaders as they have the social skills and empathy to relate to their peers.

Academic Success

While IQ is often talked about in the context of academic achievement, emotional intelligence is equally vital. Emotionally intelligent children are likelier to be attentive, motivated, and engaged in school, contributing to academic success.

Factors Influencing Emotional Intelligence

It’s essential to realise that every child is different. Various factors, such as a child’s temperament, family dynamics, and environment, influence how a child develops emotional intelligence. Adjust your approach to your child’s unique personality and circumstances. For example, a shy child might need more encouragement to develop social skills than an outgoing child.

Emotional Intelligence Games

One of the most effective ways to teach emotional intelligence is through play. Here are some games to get you started:

  • Emotion-Action: Kids act out different emotions, and others guess what they are.
  • Emotion Detective: Kids observe others and try to guess their emotions.
  • Story-time Emotions: Read stories and discuss the characters’ emotions.
  • Musical Emotions: Play different types of music and have children identify the emotions they associate with each piece.
  • Face Making: Have children draw or make faces from craft materials representing different emotions.
  • Emotion Charades: Similar to Emotion-Action but played in the classic charades style, where kids must act out an emotion without speaking while others guess.
  • Emoji Matching: Match emojis to the corresponding emotions. This can be made more challenging by creating scenarios where these emotions might be felt.
  • Emotion Scavenger Hunt: Create a list of emotions and have the kids find items that make them feel those emotions.
  • Feelings Journal: Encourage kids to maintain a journal to write down or draw what they felt during the day and discuss them later in a group or one-on-one.
  • Gratitude Circle: Sit in a circle and take turns saying what you are grateful for. This helps in recognising positive emotions.

Healthy Eating and Emotional Intelligence

Healthy eating is critical to children’s overall well-being and emotional health. It is crucial to teach children from a young age how different foods can affect their emotions and overall mood.

Nutritional Education

By providing nutritional education tailored to children, we can empower them to make informed choices about the foods they consume. Teaching them about the impact of certain foods on their bodies and emotions helps develop their understanding of the importance of healthy eating habits.

Healthy Choices

Encouraging children to make healthy food choices contributes to their emotional well-being. By opting for nutritious options such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins, children can provide their bodies with the necessary nutrients to support optimal brain function. This, in turn, can positively affect their mood, energy levels, and overall emotional balance.

Regular Family Meals

Incorporating regular family meals can positively impact children’s healthy eating habits and emotional well-being. Sitting down together as a family for meals allows parents to model healthy eating behaviours and foster a positive relationship with food. Family meals promote communication, connection, and a sense of belonging, contributing to emotional stability and overall well-being.

Emotional Intelligence at Tappy Toes Nursery

When considering a nursery for your child, choosing one that fosters emotional intelligence is essential. Tappy Toes Nursery stands out in this regard. With a nurturing environment, a range of activities stimulating young minds, and a caring staff understanding the importance of emotional intelligence in children, Tappy Toes ensures your little one gets the best start. By integrating elements of emotional intelligence into the daily curriculum, the nursery is committed to cultivating compassionate, confident, and emotionally intelligent young minds.


Emotional intelligence is not just a buzzword; it’s a fundamental skill that can shape the character and future of young children. Children can thrive academically, emotionally, and socially by acknowledging and understanding emotions, learning through play, and being in an environment that promotes emotional growth.  As a parent, you must ensure your children have the tools to develop emotional intelligence. By choosing Tappy Toes Nursery, which supports emotional development, you can set the stage for the growth of well-rounded, emotionally intelligent individuals who will positively impact society.


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